Definition of the amigos. These are toxic forms of common minerals such as iron, manganese, copper, aluminum, chromium, selenium, calcium, magnesium, boron and vanadium.  Others are nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, potassium and lithium.  There may be other minerals that can form these toxic compounds, as well.

Sources. Today, most children are born with some of these mineral complexes from their mother’s bodies.  They are also found in all foods today due to chemical and industrial agricultural methods.  In addition, some are found in common household products.

Chemical structure.  These chemical compounds are either oxides or carbonates.  Both are highly alkaline compounds.  Examples include MnO6, FeO2, FeO3, and AlO2.

Toxicity.  The amigos are quite toxic.  They cause oxidant damage.  This causes inflammation that irritates the tissues, and in some cases stimulates the glands.

Positive roles in the body. Even though the amigos are toxic, they appear to have positive effects upon weakened, toxic and nutritionally depleted bodies.  These are:

  1. To stimulate adrenal glandular activity.This has a balancing effect upon the sodium level in the tissues, and upon the sodium/potassium ratio.
  2. To balance the pH of the body when the body is too acidic.Most everyone today has a deficit of alkaline reserve minerals.  This causes an acidic condition of the body tissues, which is very harmful.  The amigos are alkaline mineral compounds to temporarily help acidic bodies survive.
  3. The amigos help stabilize the nervous system, especially calcium and magnesium oxides.This is very important for sick and malnourished bodies.

Other. The amigos sometimes stimulate brain activity.  The amigos keep the brain functioning, to a degree, even though it is through stimulation, and not nutrition.


The amigos contribute to many, if not most health conditions, both individually and collectively.  Let us begin with the collective effect.


One of the main effects of the amigos is inflammation.  This, in turn, can result in hundreds of symptoms and diseases from arthritis and headaches to PMS, high blood pressure, cataracts, kidney disease, irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, arteriosclerosis and cancer.  The list of conditions caused by inflammation is very lengthy.

Another effect is infection in the body.  This occurs, in part, because iron supports bacterial growth.  It also occurs because an imbalanced pH supports damaging microorganisms in the body including parasites, bacteria, and fungi.

Another effect is cancer due to iron accumulation.  To help reduce iron when cancer is present, we suggest avoiding red meat and eggs until cancer is in remission.  High iron is also associated with Type 1 diabetes.

The amigos cause a reduction in aerobic metabolism because this requires the right forms of iron and copper, in particular.  This causes fatigue, and can contribute to many other health conditions.

The amigos can have a curious effect on the personality.  There is a toughening of the personality, with more anger and less clarity of mind due to iron, manganese and aluminum toxicity.

Excessive levels of aluminum and other toxins are also associated with dementia, a condition that is becoming far more common today.

Copper and other minerals in amigo or oxide forms contribute a lot to scarring and adhesions.  These conditions are related to inflammation of a certain type.  Scars and adhesions tend to improve as one eliminates the amigos from the body.

A more long-term effect is aging of the body.  Inflammation through oxidant damage slowly destroys the tissues, dries out the body, and eventually kills it.


POTASSIUM.  This is one of the most important of the toxic forms of a vital mineral found in our food supply.  It has various effects on the body.

IRON.  Iron toxicity is very common today.  It can deposit in the pancreas and contributes to many cases of diabetes and hypoglycemia.  This is known in medical science, but doctors rarely look for it.  They would need to biopsy the pancreas to find it.

Iron is also known to deposit in the heart and the arteries leading to hemochromatosis and hemosiderosis, among other conditions.  It can also build up in the joints, where it causes arthritis.  It also favors the growth of certain bacteria and contributes to infections.

In the brain, iron settles in the amygdala and is associated with the emotion of rage or anger.

MANGANESE.  Toxic manganese tends to settle in the brain.  Symptoms may include dizziness, ringing in the ears, Meniere’s syndrome, Parkinson’s disease and dementia.

Manganese toxicity may also contribute to skin disorders, emotional issues, joint problems, muscle twitching and disturbed sleep.  As the manganese comes down, these often improve.

A manganese personality type.  Some people with high manganese have the following qualities: highly intelligent and sometimes quite intellectual, non-emotional or somewhat emotionally detached or even a schizoid, somewhat irritated or irritable, and perhaps somewhat arrogant.  This, of course, will change as manganese is eliminated.

Manganese madness.  Very high manganese is associated with a form of schizophrenia or detachment if mild, and other anti-social and at times violent behaviors.  Manganese miners are subject to a condition called manganese madness.  Psychopathic murderers were found to have high levels of hair manganese, as reported in Toxic Metal Syndrome, by Casdorph and Walker.

Also, we have found one hair product, Phomollient Styling Foam by Aveda, that is high in manganese.  Do not use this product, especially just before sampling hair for a hair mineral analysis.  Manganese compounds are also found in gasoline.

ALUMINUM.  Aluminum compounds in the brain are known to interfere with cognitive activity, memory and other mentally-related functions.  Aluminum also has an affinity for the skin, and can cause symptoms there.

Aluminum can replace some calcium in the bones and is a cause of weak bones, fractures, osteopenia and osteoporosis.

NICKEL. Nickel is often associated with feelings of anger, depression and, at times, suicidal thoughts.  When the nickel is removed, these thoughts tend to go away.

AMIGO COPPER.  Copper can cause hundreds of symptoms.

CHROMIUM AND SELENIUM.  At times, chromium and selenium also accumulate in oxide forms.  They can cause blood sugar problems, fatigue, weakness and other symptoms.


  1. Most everyone has plenty of amigos.It does not matter if they appear elevated or not on a hair test.

If they are not revealed on an initial hair mineral test, they are simply hidden within the organs of the body.  In this case, if one embarks on a development program, the amigos will be revealed on a future test as they are removed from the body.

  1. If one amigo is elevated on a hair mineral test, (iron, manganese or aluminum), the other two are present in excess, as well.

The level of aluminum that I consider elevated is greater than 0.4 mg%.  An elevated level of manganese is above 0.04 mg%, and an elevated level of iron is above 2 mg%.

Hair must not be washed at the laboratory for accurate readings.

  1. Many people have extremely low levels of the amigos on their initial hair mineral test.  This pattern is called a poor eliminator.  This means the body cannot eliminate the amigos properly.  As a result, they build up inside the body.



The main reason is that the amigos are adaptive.  This means they perform essential functions in a weakened body to support the adrenals, balance the pH, and assist the brain.

To remove them, one must first balance the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio.  This allows their removal.


The amigos are stimulants.  When they come out of the body, the stimulation stops and one becomes very tired!

If one continues to work too hard or run around too much, the process of amigo removal slows or even stops.


Excess iron is not easy to eliminate from the human or animal body.  Standard medical methods are bleeding the patient on a regular basis or the use of an iron chelating drug such as deferoxamine or Depen.  Neither of these methods are totally satisfactory.

Bleeding removes many other vital nutrients.  It also removes a lot of bioavailable iron, which is not desirable.

Deferoxamine has many toxic side effects, and for this reason, is rarely used.  The toxic effects may stem from the fact that chelating agents always tend to remove vital minerals such as zinc, along with the iron.